"From the 1960's until the 1990's, apartheid South Africa was an isolated state that felt threatened by growing domestic unrest, as well as by a more powerful state actor, the Soviet Union, which was supporting hostile regimes and liberation movements in southern Africa, (although the extent of which this actually played a role is debatable). One response of the apartheid regime to changing threat perceptions outside and inside South Africa was to develop a new and more sophisticated chemical and biological warfare program, code-named "Project Coast." The CBW decision -making process was secretive and controlled by the military and enabled a very sophisticated program to be developed with little outside scrutiny. Military and police units used chemical and biological agents for counter-insurgency warfare, assassination, and execution of prisoners of war." See: http://www.usafa.edu/df/inss/OCP/ocp37.pdf
- poisonous chemical to impregnate clothing, canned food, drinks and aspirin and
- lethal biological agents such as cholera bacteria and anthrax bacteria to contaminate water supplies and farmland (12)
Building a Clandestine Biological Warfare Program
"In a top secret November 1989 military report prepared by Basson on the privatization of Project Coast, he explicitly acknowledged the many offensive dimensions of the program. Among other things he said it was designed "To conduct research with regard to basic aspects of chemical warfare (CW) offensive....to conduct research with regard to basic aspects of biological warfare (BW) offensive... to conduct research with regard to covert as well as conventional delivery systems....To establish an industrial capacity with regard to the production of offensive and defensive CBW equipment [and] To give operational and technical CBW support offensive and defensive." (33) See:http://www.miis.edu/media/view/18941/original/balecoastarticle.pdf Basson was essentially tasked with developing a proof of concept. After his return from trips abroad, where he established contacts, he informed "members of the Defence Command Council that foreign CBW programs utilized 'civilian' front companies to conduct all offensive R and D up to the point of actual weaponization. Although his claim was not entirely accurate the South Africa Defence Force (SADF) nonetheless decided to create new front companies rather than use its own components or the existing structures under its control."(38)
It should not come as a great surprise, given the clandestine nature of previous programs, such as Project Coast, that states like Syria and Iran run robust, sophisticated military programs supported by a civilian pharmaceutical infrastructure. As with Project Coast, Syria's BW programs are maintained in separate units at the SSRC but also in other locations related in some instances to CW and missile programs. Eventually, Syria's BW programs will come to light in much the same way Biopreparat, the Iraqi BW programs and South Africa's Project Coast and in much the same way the non-proliferation community who consistently deny such programs exist, will again have to acknowledge hard facts.
Dragon voice recognition